Kidney transplantation is an alternative option to dialysis. The patient is evaluated at an organ transplant center to determine this suitability for this treatment. Normally family members have compatible tissue types and may donate a kidney if they are willing to do so. Otherwise suitable donors are searched for and their kidneys may be adopted.
Although kidney transplants have become routine process nowadays, they also have some risks. Anti-rejection medications are to be taken by the patient to reduce the ability of the immune system to fight infection. Often the body might reject the kidney or the kidney that has been transplanted might fail to work. In such cases another kidney transplant or dialysis are the only options. There are also chances for bleeding and infection just as with any other surgery.
Kidney transplants better quality of life and has long term benefits than dialysis. It seems that the longer a patient is on dialysis, the life of the transplanted kidney depends on the extent of dialysis. Longer the patient is under dialysis, the shorter is the life of transplanted kidney.